The exact origin of the sport remains unclear and is very much subject to debate. A number of historians believe that the game can be traced back to paganica, which is a game of roman origin. According to this theory, the game was able to reach faraway areas like europe and britain when the romans conquered these places sometime in the 1st century B.C.
According to the history, the modern version of golf was invented by scots sometime in the 12th century. Based on records, shepherds living in there were seen hitting stones with a stick right into rabbit holes. Today, the site where these people were first seen playing is currently the location of the royal and ancient golf club of saint andrews. Earliest mention of golf appeared in 1457, in the act of scottish parliament. It was mentioned that the king prohibited the game of gowf (presently called golf). He said that the game was a distraction for the military from practicing archery. It was considered an unprofitable sport and also unsuitable for women.
Aside from this one, another theory considers the Chinese game called chuiwan as the origin of the sport, which was a highly popular game in china sometime in the 8th century. Other possible origins of the game include chambot in france, chaugan in persia as well as cambuca in england. In 1297, a similar game referred to as kolven was played yearly, within the loenen area in netherlands.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport where the players use various sizes of clubs to hit the ball into a series of holes on a course in strokes as few as possible. Golf does not have a standard sized playing area unlike other ball games. Managing with the varied terrain, encountered on different courses, is a key part of the game. The game at the normal level is played on a path with an arranged series of 18 holes. The recreational golf courses are smaller, often having 9 holes. Each hole on the course must contain a tee box to start from, and a putting green which has the actual hole or cup. There are other standard forms of terrain in between, such as the fairway, uneven path, bunkers, and various other hazards but each hole on a course is unique in its specific layout and arrangement.